Bophelo ba betri e ncha ea matla bo bolelele bo bokae

Libetri tsa hajoale tsa koloi ea matla ke libeteri tsa ternary lithium kapa libeteri tsa lithium iron phosphate.Ea ho qetela e na le nako e telele ea bophelo.Ka bobeli li ka bitsoa "libetri tsa lithium".
Ho na le lintlha tse peli tsa mantlha tsa ho lekanya bophelo ba betri ea likoloi tse ncha tsa matla: palo ea li-cycle tsa ho tjhaja, le nako.Ho phaella moo, ho na le lintlha tse 'maloa tsa bobeli: matla a tloaelehileng a tefiso le ho ntša, polokelo ea betri le mocheso oa tikoloho ea ho sebetsa, le botebo ba tefiso le ho tsoa.

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1. Palo ea lipotoloho tsa ho tjhaja.
Hangata tlas'a maemo a loketseng, palo ea lipotoloho tsa ho tjhaja e ka fihla makhetlo a 1000-2000, 'me ho feta 70% ea matla a ka sebelisoang e ka tiisetsoa.Haeba e le PHEV, sebaka sa potoloho e le 'ngoe se ka ba lik'hilomithara tse 50-80, kahoo pele betri e senyeha, e ka sebelisoa lik'hilomithara tse ka bang 100,000 ho motlakase o hloekileng.Empa kaha li-PHEVs hangata li na le sebaka se sengata sa matla a lebasetere, mohlomong se ka etsoa ho latela palo ea litefiso.Leha ho le joalo, li-PHEV li na le matla a manyane a betri, kahoo nako ea tsona ea bophelo le eona e khuts'oane.Ho ea ka mohopolo, bophelo bo sebetsang ba koloi ea poraefete ea PHEV e ka ba lilemo tse 5-10.
Leha ho le joalo, BEV ea likoloi tse hloekileng tsa motlakase e bonolo ho e bala.Ho etsa mohlala oa mohlala o tloaelehileng oa sebaka sa lik'hilomithara tse 400, e ka tsamaea lik'hilomithara tse 400 ka tefiso e le 'ngoe.Ho latela bonyane lipotoloho tse 1,000, bophelo bo ka sebelisoang ke 400,000 km.Haeba lik'hilomithara tse 100 000 ka selemo (likoloi tse sebetsang), bophelo ba theory ke lilemo tse 4.Haeba lik'hilomithara tse 20,000 ka selemo (koloi ea poraefete), bophelo ba theory ke lilemo tse 20 (ka sebele?), empa na ha ho bolele hore lik'hilomithara tse 50 000 ka selemo li ka sebelisoa ka lilemo tse 80?Sena se kenyelletsa lintlha tse latelang:
2. Sebelisa nako.
Hangata libeteri tsa lithium li ka sebelisoa lilemo tse 10 ntle le mathata ha feela li hlokometsoe hantle.Bonyane betri ea ka ea mohala oa Nokia 3120 e ntse e phela.Ka nako e telele, ho thata haholo ho bua ka lebaka la mathata a sa tšoaneng a tlhokomelo le ho bola ha thepa e sebetsang ea betri ka boeona.Ho tsoa phihlelong ea sebele ea tšebeliso, ha ho bothata hore libeteri tsa lithium li be le bophelo ba khalendara ea lilemo tse fetang 10 tlas'a maemo a nepahetseng a polokelo.ea
4. Ho boloka betri le mocheso o sebetsang.
Mocheso o boetse o na le tšusumetso e kholo bophelong ba betri.Haeba betri e sebetsa ka tlase ho likhato tse 0 tsa Celsius ka nako e telele, kapa ka holimo ho likhato tse 40 tsa Celsius, e tla potlakisa ho tsofala le ho senyeha ha matla a betri, ’me ho bola hona ho ke keng ha etsolloa [2].Ka lehlohonolo, likoloi tse ncha tsa motlakase li na le sistimi ea ho laola mocheso oa betri, e nolofalletsang betri pakete ho sebetsa ka mocheso o loketseng haholoanyane.
Ka hona, tlas'a ts'ebeliso e tloaelehileng, bophelo ba betri ea PHEV ke lilemo tse 5-10, 'me bophelo ba betri ea BEV ke lilemo tse 10-20.
selemo


Nako ea poso: May-26-2022